There is a ton of controversy around using stem cells to create medicine because of where they originate from. However, at Johns Hopkins, they were able to coax adult red blood cells into stem cells. They first shock the cells, which creates tiny wholes in which plasmids can slip through. These plasmids then insert genes that cause the red blood cells to change from regular adult red blood cells to pluripotent stem cells – cells that act the same as if they were part of a 6 day old embryo. According to the study, 50-60 percent of the cells are usable; now researchers are working on testing the cells to see what they can develop into after the stem cell phase.

The study

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